Linux find process id ps ef


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Which fields are displayed depend on which option you choose. For a description of all available options, see the ps 1 man page. Images of active processes are stored here by their process ID number. The process tools are similar to some options of the ps command, except that the output that is provided by these commands is more detailed.

Display more information about processes, such as fstat and fcntl , working directories, and trees of parent and child processes. Provide control over processes by allowing users to stop or resume them. You can display detailed, technical information about processes or control active processes by using some of the process commands. If a process becomes trapped in an endless loop, or if the process takes too long to execute, you might want to stop kill the process.

This facility has no restrictions and is MT-safe. The following restrictions have been removed when you set xwatchpoints by using the dbx debugging tool:. For more information, see the proc 4 , and mdb 1 man pages. The following example shows output from the ps -ef command. This output shows that the first process that is executed when the system boots is sched the swapper followed by the init process, pageout , and so on. The following example shows how to use process commands to display more information about a cron process.

Sometimes, you might need to stop kill a process. The process might be in an endless loop.

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Or, you might have started a large job that you want to stop before it is completed. You can kill any process that you own. Superuser can kill any process in the system except for those processes with process IDs of 0 , 1 , 2 , 3 , and 4. Killing these processes most likely will crash the system. For more information, see the pgrep 1 and pkill 1 and kill 1 man pages. However, the —9 signal should not be used to kill certain processes, such as a database process, or an LDAP server process.

The result is that data might be lost. Tip - When using the pkill command to terminate a process, first try using the command by itself, without including a signal option. Wait a few minutes to see if the process terminates before using the pkill command with the -9 signal.

The process you terminated should no longer be listed in the output of the pgrep command. Tip - When using the kill command to stop a process, first try using the command by itself, without including a signal option. Wait a few minutes to see if the process terminates before using the kill command with the -9 signal.


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The pargs command and the preap command improve process debugging. The pargs command prints the arguments and environment variables that are associated with a live process or core file. The preap command removes defunct zombie processes. A zombie process has not yet had its exit status claimed by its parent.

Linux ps command

These processes are generally harmless but can consume system resources if they are numerous. You can use the pargs and preap commands to examine any process that you have the privileges to examine.


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As superuser, you can examine any process. For information about using the preap command, see the preap 1 man page. For information about the using the pargs command, see the pargs 1 man page. The pgrep command can look up processes based on usernames. The syntax is: Only match processes whose Linux effective user ID euid is listed pgrep -u euid Only match processes whose effective user ID uid is listed pgrep -U uid pgrep -l -u vivek pgrep -l -U www-data.

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Share on Facebook Twitter. You forgot ps -aux grep [username] ps -aux grep --color -i "apache". Still, have a question? Get help on our forum!

Skip to content. Start the discussion at www. Thanks for ur wonderful suggestion in adding to. I use this function to view or grep all processes on my mac. For Linux you might have to change the switches on the ps command.

Using Linux ps, pipe, grep and kill Commands

Question: Why does ps -ef show grep in the output anyway? My understanding is obviously flawed. Can someone throw light on what actually happens?

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Linux list processes by user names (EUID and RUID)

For simplicity, lets say the script is testScript. When I run this command outside the script with or without the wc -l , it only ever shows 1 process when my script is running. However, inside the script it shows as two processes. This only seems to happen when I run the command within the script with the same name of the process I am running. If I am grepping for a process with another name, I do not see the same issue.

Say hello to pgrep

This makes no sense to me. Thanks that worked out well. As an added bonus for color reverse the above command to look like this in bash. Cool, thanks for the info!

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