Like sharks and rays, sturgeon have cartilaginous, not bony, skeletons. Their appearance has remained largely unchanged over the last million years. They have a long, cylindrical body, toothless mouth, large pectoral fins, a heterocercal tail with upper and lower halves of different sizes , and armour-like, bony plates along the back and sides. While white sturgeon have relatively poor eyesight, they have a highly developed sensory system to detect prey in large turbid rivers.
Fishing: There are six populations of white sturgeon in Canada. Recreational fishing has been strictly catch-and-release since on the Fraser and in the Thompson-Nicola region.
Origin: Eastern brook char Salvelinus fontinalis are not native to freshwaters west of the Rockies. Using broodstock that originated in Ontario, the Society stocks various water bodies with fish that are collected in a lake near Kamloops. This lake is closed to fishing. Habitat: While eastern brook char prefer cool water, they can tolerate a wider range of water temperatures and higher acidities than other salmonids.
They are not particularly fussy eaters, and will consume a broad range of organisms. Juvenile fish typically feed on zooplankton and aquatic insects. Older, larger char may specialize in forage fish from open water or focus on nymphs, leeches, and adult aquatic insects from the lake-bottom.
Description: Eastern brook char have a deep body, square tail, and a large head relative to the total body length. Typically, they have olive-green to dark brown backs, with lighter colouring on the sides that becomes white on the bottom. Characteristic marble-like patterns are present on the head and back, with thick, black, wavy lines on the dorsal fin.
Pale spots, and small discrete red spots surrounded by blue halos, are present along the sides of the body. Anal, pelvic, and pectoral fins have white leading edges followed by black pigment and reddish colouration. Their colour becomes more intense at spawning time, with males turning fiery orange-red on the belly. Fishing: Brook char are not as popular a sport fish in B.
However, a growing number of enthusiastic anglers target this aggressive striker. Brook char provide good angling during both the summer and winter months where lake water temperatures have made rainbow trout less active. Wet or dry flies, spoons, spinners, and bait are all successful methods of targetting brook char.
Origin: Kokanee Oncorhynchus nerka are the freshwater form of sockeye salmon.
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To create recreational and commercial fisheries, kokanee have been introduced widely across North America. Here in B. Harvesting occurs only after enough kokanee are on the spawning grounds to provide sufficient natural reproduction. The Society also maintains other reproductive sources to meet the need for eggs when adult returns are low. Habitat: Although sockeye spend time at sea and return to freshwater to spawn, kokanee spend their entire lives in freshwater.
Even where this occurs, kokanee maintain unique genetic characteristics. During the spring and fall when lakes are not layered stratified , kokanee can be found at various depths.
In the summer, they will often occupy the middle layers of open water. However, with more extreme temperatures in summer or winter , they will typically move to deeper water.
Date of Death between 1941-01-01 and 1941-12-31 (Sorted by Popularity Ascending)
When the lake is stratified, adults and juveniles will often move to the upper or middle, food-rich layers at dusk and dawn. In some systems, once juveniles reach a bigger size, they may forage inshore during the day. Description: Kokanee are bright silver with steel-blue to green-blue backs, and a deeply forked caudal fin. Kokanee have no distinct black spots or markings, although there are sometimes dark marks on the dorsal fin. Older fry and juveniles have small oval parr marks. Mature males develop a turned-up hooked snout, gaping mouth and small hump in front of the dorsal fin. Maturing males and females turn bright red to dirty red-grey on the sides and back, with bright green to olive-black heads.
These colour changes are less pronounced in females, which are usually a darker, red-grey colour. Fishing: Kokanee are a popular sport fish because of their schooling behaviour, willingness to strike, and excellent eating qualities. They are also good fish to target in summer and winter when water temperatures make fishing for rainbow trout more difficult. Habitat: Coastal cutthroat trout exhibit one of three forms. Non-migratory forms spend their entire lives within a specific small stream or headwater tributary. Freshwater migratory forms remain within larger bodies of freshwater, and migrate to spawn in smaller tributaries or lake outlets.
Saltwater-migratory, or searun, forms migrate to the ocean in late winter and early spring to feed on crustaceans and baitfish before returning to freshwater late in the summer. Searun cutthroat trout can spend two to five years in freshwater before their initial seaward migration. Rarely found more than kilometres inland from the ocean, these trout utilize a large variety of habitats, including saltwater estuaries, large and small river systems, sloughs, ponds, and lakes.
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Description: Searun and freshwater forms of coastal cutthroat trout differ in appearance. In freshwater, these fish have dark green to greenish-blue backs, olive-green upper flanks, and silvery lower flanks and bellies. They also display numerous spots on their sides below the lateral line, with irregularly-shaped spots on their dorsal, adipose, and caudal fins. In saltwater, and shortly after returning to freshwater, searun trout are silver in colour with bluish backs, yellowish lower flanks and fins, and a minimal display of irregularly-shaped spots. Searun cutthroat have distinctive red or orange linear marks along the underside of their jaws.
Cutthroat trout can generally be distinguished from rainbows by the presence of teeth at the base of tongue, and a maxillary jaw that extends beyond the posterior edge of the eye.
Fishing: Coastal cutthroat are efficient predators, but can be difficult for anglers to catch. One of the best ways to target these fish is to locate a school of feeding fish. Searun cutthroat can weigh up to two kilograms, while freshwater resident fish are typically much smaller.
When in freshwater during fall, winter, and spring, target coastal cutthroat with fly gear, spoons, spinners, or bait. Origin: Westslope cutthroat trout Oncorhynchus clarkii lewisi is one of two sub-species of cutthroat trout native to B. Most populations of westslope cutthroat in southern and eastern areas of the province have been decimated by a combination of habitat loss, poor fisheries management, and hybridization with non-native rainbow trout.
The Kootenay River watershed still supports many robust wild populations, and contains the core range of remaining westslope cutthroat. Connor Lakes, located in the Height of the Rockies Provincial Park, provide the sole source of wild westslope cutthroat broodstock for hatchery production.
Habitat: Westslope cutthroat can be found in big rivers and lakes as well as small, high-elevation mountain streams. They have a strict requirement for cold, clean water, and good stream cover. Because westslope cutthroat have evolved in isolation from other trout species, they are a poor competitor in systems where species like rainbow trout and brook char are introduced.
They are opportunistic feeders, aggressively pursuing whatever is seasonably abundant. Description: Like other cutthroat trout sub-species, older fish can be distinguished by characteristic orange-red slashes on each side of the lower jaw. They vary in colouration from silver to yellow-green, but most have an arc of irregular dark spots from the anal to the pectoral fins, along with a few spots below the lateral line of the body.
Spawning fish develop a deep red colour. Fishing: Westslope cutthroat are typically small compared to other trout, occasionally reaching upwards of 50 centimetres. What these trout lack in size, they make up for in tenacity when hooked. The pristine waters in which westslope trout occur also tend to have low food productivity, which provides angling where few, or no other, sport fish occur.
While they are highly popular with fly-fishers in both streams and lakes during warmers months, they also support ice fishing on lakes in the winter. Although the lake has low productivity, it has always maintained a large monoculture single-species population of small rainbow trout Oncorhynchus mykiss.
A permanent egg-collection station has operated on Pennask Creek, the major inlet stream, since Habitat: Pennask Lake is naturally devoid of other fish species. Since Pennask rainbow trout have evolved in this environment, they grow and survive most successfully in highly productive food-rich monoculture lakes of the Plateau area where they do not have to compete with other fish species. Within any lake, this strain is pelagic, preferring deep open water. Another key trait of Pennask Lake rainbow is their exceptional ability to conserve body fat.
This allows them to survive long winters, and makes them ideal for stocking cold, high-elevation lakes. Description: Rainbow trout in Pennask Lake are generally small at maturity.
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However, when stocked into productive monoculture lakes, they grow well and reach a much larger size before maturity. Typical for Interior trout, these fish are lightly spotted on the body, mostly along the back and tail. Fishing: Most active at dusk, Pennask rainbow are mid-water foragers that feed primarily on benthic bottom organisms like chironomid pupae or cladocerans water fleas.
The trout are not highly piscivorous fish-eating , and show no evidence of preying on non-salmonid fish until they are at least two years old. Ruth hit. He was still occasionally used as a pitcher, and had a 13—7 record with a 2. In , the Red Sox won their third pennant in four years and faced the Chicago Cubs in the World Series , which began on September 5, the earliest date in history. The season had been shortened because the government had ruled that baseball players who were eligible for the military would have to be inducted or work in critical war industries, such as armaments plants.
Ruth pitched and won Game One for the Red Sox, a 1—0 shutout. Before Game Four, Ruth injured his left hand in a fight but pitched anyway.
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